Basic communications services, or universal services, include:
- fixed or wireless telephone connection
- 5 Mbps broadband access
- text message service for persons with a hearing or speech impairment
- internet service for persons with a hearing or speech impairment
- extensive directory inquiry service (for example, a telephone or text message service or online service).
If in some areas, there is not enough supply for these services, Traficom designates an operator to act as a universal service provider for the area. The operator designated as the universal service provider must provide a telephone connection and 5 Mbps broadband access to all permanent places of residence and places of business in the area, if necessary. The universal service obligation does not apply to holiday homes.
Universal service via fixed or wireless network
Please note that the operator can choose the technological solution for implementing the telephone or internet connection within the universal service obligation. This means that even though you have the right to universal services, you cannot demand, for example, a mobile phone subscription instead of a fixed one or a fixed broadband access instead of a mobile one.
Telephone connection of sufficient quality
The universal service obligation requires that a telephone connection must function in one spot at the user's home or place of business. If your mobile phone coverage is poor indoors, you may have to purchase a GSM desktop phone and an extra antenna installed on the roof to improve the coverage.
Having problems with your telephone connection? Find out how to solve problems with telephone connections .
5 Mbps basic broadband connection
The broadband connection provided under the universal service obligation is different to other commercial connections because of its speed. The download speed of the connection must be at least 5 Mbps. However, it is sufficient that the speed meets the following requirements:
- The minimum speed is 3.5 Mbit/s, which must always be achieved as a rule.
- Normal speed 4.5 Mbit/s, which must be realized 90 percent during each four-hour measurement period.
- The maximum speed is 5 Mbit/s, which must be achieved at least part of the time.
Operators do not have to provide any faster connections under the universal service obligation and they are provided on a commercial basis only. Traficom cannot oblige operators to provide a faster connection.
The user must be able to access internet at least in one spot at home or place of business. To achieve this, you may have to improve your mobile broadband reception by connecting an extra antenna installed on the roof to the mobile router or USB modem.
Having problems with your broadband connection? Find out how to solve problems with broadband connections .
Hearing or speech impaired persons have the right to access services corresponding to a telephone connection at their permanent place of residence: broadband connection enabling a video connection and text messages.